Factsheet :: 222-10

Australia's status for OIE-listed diseases, 2017

The disease information sheets have been condensed to a tabular form, which reflects Australia's status for OIE-listed diseases for 2017.

Hyperlinks to species
DiseaseStatusDate of last occurrence and notesAdditional information
Multiple-species diseases
AnthraxPresentLimited distribution
BluetongueVirus presentRestricted to specific northern areas of Australia. Sentinel herd and vector monitoring programs are in place.
Crimean Congo haemorrhagic feverFreeNever occurred
Epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseVirus presentDisease has not been reported
Equine encephalomyelitis (eastern)FreeNever occurred
HeartwaterFreeNever occurred
Infection with Aujeszky's disease virusFreeNever occurred
Infection with Brucella abortusFreeAustralia declared freedom in all terrestrial animal species in 1989.
Infection with Brucella melitensisFreeNever occurred in terrestrial animals. /
Infection with Brucella suisSerological evidenceMaintained in feral pigs in parts of New South Wales and Queensland. Rare occurrence in domestic pigs. Sporadic detections in pig hunting dog however this is not OIE notifiable.
Infection with Echinococcus granulosusPresent
Infection with Echinococcus multilocularisFreeNever occurred
Infection with foot-and-mouth disease virusFree1872. Australia is officially recognised by the OIE as free without vaccination.
Infection with rabies virusFree1867
Infection with Rift Valley fever virusFreeNever occurred
Infection with rinderpest virusFree1923. With the global eradication of rinderpest finalised in 2011, all countries are free.
Infection with Trichinella spp.Not reportedTrichinella spiralis is not present. T. pseudospiralis is present in wildlife.
Japanese encephalitisSerological evidenceDetected seasonally in Torres Strait and on Cape York in 1998 and 2004.
New World screw-worm fly (Cochliomyia hominivorax)FreeNever occurred
Old World screw-worm fly (Chrysomya bezziana)FreeNever occurred
ParatuberculosisPresentNational control and management programs are in place.
Q feverPresent
Surra (Trypanosoma evansi)FreeNever occurred
TularaemiaPresentTwo human cases reported in Tasmania in 2011, detected in archived samples Tasmanian ringtail possums sampled in 2002.
West Nile feverAustralian variants presentA previously unknown Australian strain of West Nile virus was identified following an outbreak of neurological disease in horses in 2011. No cases were reported in 2017. /
Cattle diseases
Bovine anaplasmosisPresentTransmission mainly in areas of Queensland, Northern Territory and Western Australia.
Bovine babesiosisPresentTransmission mainly in areas of Queensland, Northern Territory and Western Australia
Bovine genital campylobacteriosisPresent
Bovine spongiform encephalopathyFreeNever occurred. The National Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy Freedom Assurance Program includes surveillance. Australia has official OIE `negligible risk’ status.
Bovine tuberculosisFreeAustralia declared freedom in 1997; the last case in any species was reported in 2002.
Bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentBovine viral diarrhoea virus 1 (BVDV-1) is present; BVDV-2 has never occurred.
Enzootic bovine leucosisThe dairy cattle herd is free. Very low prevalence in beef cattle.Australian dairy herd achieved freedom on 31 December 2012.
Haemorrhagic septicaemiaFreeNever occurred. Strains of Pasteurella multocida are present, but not the 6b or 6e strains that cause haemorrhagic septicaemia.
Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis / infectious pustular vulvovaginitisPresentBovine herpesvirus (BHV) – 1.2b is present; BHV-1.1 and BHV-1.2a have never occurred.
Infection with Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides SC (contagious bovine pleuropneumonia)Free1967. Australia declared freedom in 1973 and is officially recognised by the OIE as free.
Lumpy skin diseaseFreeNever occurred
TheileriosisFreeTheileria parva and T. annulata are not present
Trypanosomosis (tsetse borne)FreeNever occurred
Sheep and goat diseases
Caprine arthritis–encephalitisPresentVoluntary accreditation schemes exist.
Contagious agalactiaFreeMycoplasma agalactiae has been isolated, but Australian strains do not produce agalactia in sheep.
Contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaFreeNever occurred
Infection with Chlamydophila abortus (enzootic abortion of ewes, ovine chlamydiosis)FreeNever occurred
Infection with Peste des petits ruminantsFreeNever occurred. Australia is officially recognised by the OIE as free.
Maedi–visnaFreeNever occurred
Nairobi sheep diseaseFreeNever occurred
Ovine epididymitis (Brucella ovis)PresentVoluntary accreditation schemes exist in all states.
Salmonellosis (Salmonella abortusovis)FreeNever occurred. Surveillance has shown no evidence of infection in sheep.
ScrapieFree1952. The National Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies Freedom Assurance Program includes surveillance. Atypical scrapie has been detected several times.
Sheep pox and goat poxFreeNever occurred
Equine diseases
Contagious equine metritisFree1980
DourineFreeNever occurred
Equine encephalomyelitis (western)FreeNever occurred
Equine infectious anaemiaPresentLimited distribution and sporadic occurrence.
Equine influenzaFreeAustralia’s first outbreak occurred between 24 August and 25 December 2007. Australia declared freedom according to OIE standards on 25 December 2008.
Equine piroplasmosisFree1976
Infection with African horse sicknessFreeNever occurred. Australia is officially recognised by the OIE as free.
Infection with equid herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1)Present
Infection with equine arteritis virusSerological evidence
Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitisFreeNever occurred
Swine diseases
African swine feverFreeNever occurred
Infection with classical swine fever virusFree1962. Australia is officially recognised by the OIE as free.
Infection with Taenia solium (Porcine cysticercosis)FreeNever occurred
Nipah virus encephalitisFreeNever occurred
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeFreeNever occurred
Transmissible gastroenteritisFreeNever occurred
Avian diseases
Avian chlamydiosisPresent
Avian infectious bronchitisPresent
Avian infectious laryngotracheitisPresent
Avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Present
Avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Present
Duck virus hepatitisFreeNever occurred
Fowl typhoidFree1952
Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (infection with)Free2013
Infectious bursal disease (Gumboro disease)PresentInfectious bursal disease occurs in a mild form and was last reported in 2004. Very virulent strains are not present.
Low pathogenicity avian influenza virus (poultry) (infection with H5 or H7 viruses)Occasional2013. 
Newcastle disease virus in poultry (infection with)Lentogenic viruses presentVirulent Newcastle disease last occurred in poultry 2002. In August 2011, a paramyxovirus not previously reported in Australia was detected in hobby pigeons in Victoria. Disease caused by virus has not spread to poultry.
Pullorum diseaseNot reportedLast reported in 1992. Salmonella pullorum has been eradicated from commercial chicken flocks.
Turkey rhinotracheitisFreeNever occurred
Lagomorph diseases
MyxomatosisPresentUsed as a biological control agent for wild rabbits.
Rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentUsed as a biological control agent for wild rabbits. A new strain was detected in 2015 and another released in 2017.
Bee diseases
Infection of honey bees with Melissococcus plutonius (European foulbrood)Present
Infection of honey pees with Paenibacillus larvae (American foulbrood)Present
Infestation of honey bees with Acarapis woodiFreeNever occurred
Infestation of honey bees with Tropilaelaps spp.FreeNever occurred
Infestation of honey bees with Varroa spp. (Varroosis)Present?Varroa destructor has never been reported in Australia. Incursion of Varroa jacobsoni was identified in June 2016 and the response is currently in proof of freedom phase.
Infestation with Aethina tumida (Small hive beetle)PresentRestricted distribution
Other diseases
Camel poxFreeNever occurred
LeishmaniosisAustralian variant, Leishmania macropodum presentRare. Australian variant was first isolated in 2000 from macropods and occurs infrequently in a small region near Darwin. In 2017, it was isolated in a new species, captive Nabarlek (pigmy rock wallaby, Petrogale concinna), in the Northern Territory.
Finfish diseases
Epizootic haematopoietic necrosis diseaseLast reported 2012
Infection with Aphanomyces invadans (epizootic ulcerative syndrome)Last reported 2017
Infection with Gyrodactylus salarisNever reported
Infection with HPR-deleted or HPR0 infectious salmon anaemia virusNever reported
Infection with salmonid alphavirusNever reported
Infectious haematopoietic necrosisNever reported
Koi herpesvirus diseaseNever reported
Red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNever reported
Spring viraemia of carpNever reported
Mollusc diseases
Infection with abalone herpesvirusLast reported 2011December 2011. New South Wales eradicated abalone herpesvirus (abalone viral ganglioneuritis), which was contained in aquaria, and is now free from this disease
Infection with Bonamia exitiosaLast reported 2017
Infection with Bonamia ostreaeNever reported
Infection with Marteilia refringensNever reported
Infection with Perkinsus marinusNever reported
Infection with Perkinsus olseniLast reported 2017
Infection with Xenohaliotis californiensisNever reported
Crustacean diseases
Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseNever reported
Crayfish plague (Aphanomyces astaci)Never reported
Infection with yellowhead diseaseNever reported
Infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisLast report 2017
Infectious myonecrosisNever reported
Necrotising hepatopancreatitisNever reported
Taura syndromeNever reported
White spot diseaseLast reported 2017
White tail diseaseLast reported 2008  
Amphibian diseases
Infection with Batrachochytrium dendrobatidisLast reported 2017
Infection with ranavirusLast reported 2008

Page last modified by emaha on May 14, 2018, at 02:32 PM