Factsheet / 222-10

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Australia's status for OIE-listed diseases, 2016

The disease information sheets have been condensed to a tabular form, which reflects Australia's status for OIE-listed diseases for 2016.

Hyperlinks to species

DiseaseStatusDate of last occurrence and notesAdditional information
Multiple-species diseases
AnthraxPresentLimited distribution
BluetongueViruses presentRestricted to specific northern areas of Australia; sentinel herd and vector monitoring program.
Brucellosis (Brucella abortus)FreeAustralia declared freedom in 1989
Brucellosis (B. melitensis)Free
Brucellosis (B. suis)Serological evidenceMaintained in feral pigs in northern Australia; rare occurrence in domestic pigs.
Crimean Congo haemorrhagic feverFreeNever occurred
Epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseVirus presentDisease has not been reported
Equine encephalomyelitis (eastern)FreeNever occurred
Foot-and-mouth diseaseFree
HeartwaterFreeNever occurred
Infection with Aujeszky's disease virusFreeNever occurred
Infection with Echinococcus granulosus (hydatid disease)Present
Infection withEchinococcus multilocularisFree
Rift Valley feverFreeNever occurred
RinderpestFree1923; with the global eradication of rinderpest finalized in 2011, all countries are free.
Infection with "Trichinella" spp.Not reportedTrichinella spiralis not present; T. pseudospiralis present in wildlife
Japanese encephalitisSerological evidenceDetected annually in Torres Strait, and on Cape York in 1998 and 2004.
New World screw-worm fly (Cochliomyia hominivorax)FreeNever occurred
Old World screw-worm fly (Chrysomya bezziana)FreeNever occurred
ParatuberculosisPresentNational control/management programs
Q feverPresent
Surra (Trypanosoma evansi)FreeNever occurred
TularaemiaFreeNever occurred
Vesicular stomatitisFreeNever occurred
West Nile feverAustralian variants presentA previously unknown Australian strain of West Nile virus was identified following an outbreak of neurological disease in horses in 2011. No cases were reported in 2012
Cattle diseases
Bovine anaplasmosisPresent
Bovine babesiosisPresent
Bovine genital campylobacteriosisPresent \\
Bovine spongiform encephalopathyFreeNever occurred; National Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy Freedom Assurance Program includes surveillance; official OIE `negligible risk’ status.
Bovine tuberculosisFreeAustralia declared freedom in 1997; last case in any species (including free-living) reported in 2002.
Bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentBovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV)-1 — present; BVDV-2 — never occurred
Contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaFree1967; Australia declared freedom in 1973; officially recognized by the OIE as free.
Enzootic bovine leucosisPresentLicensed dairy cattle herds monitored free of disease; Australia declared provisional freedom of the Australian dairy herd, 2010.
Haemorrhagic septicaemiaFreeNever occurred; strains of Pasteurella multocida present, but not the 6b or 6e strains that cause haemorrhagic septicaemia.
Lumpy skin diseaseFreeNever occurred
TheileriosisFreeTheileria parva and T.annulata not present
Trichomonosis Present
Trypanosomosis (tsetse borne)FreeNever occurred
Sheep and goat diseases
Caprine arthritis–encephalitisPresentVoluntary accreditation schemes exist
Contagious agalactiaNot reportedMycoplasma agalactiae has been isolated, but Australian strains do not produce agalactia in sheep.
Contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaFreeNever occurred
Enzootic abortion of ewes (ovine chlamydiosis)Not reportedNever occurred
Maedi–visnaFreeNever occurred
Nairobi sheep diseaseFreeNever occurred
Ovine epididymitis (Brucella ovis)PresentVoluntary accreditation schemes in all states.
Peste des petits ruminantsFreeNever occurred
Salmonellosis (Salmonella Abortusovis)FreeNever occurred; surveillance has shown no evidence of infection in sheep.
ScrapieFree1952; National Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies Freedom Assurance Program includes surveillance
Sheep pox and goat poxFreeNever occurred
Equine diseases
African horse sicknessFreeNever occurred
Contagious equine metritisFree1980
DourineFreeNever occurred
Equine encephalomyelitis (western)FreeNever occurred
Equine infectious anaemiaPresentLimited distribution/sporadic occurrence
Equine influenzaFreeAustralia’s first outbreak of equine influenza occurred between 24 August and 25 December 2007; Australia declared freedom according to OIE standards on 25 December 2008.
Equine piroplasmosisFree1976
Equine rhinopneumonitisPresent
Equine viral arteritisSerological evidence
Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitisFreeNever occurred
Swine diseases
African swine feverFreeNever occurred
Classical swine feverFree1962
Nipah virus encephalitisFreeNever occurred
Porcine cysticercosisFreeNever occurred
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeFreeNever occurred
Swine vesicular diseaseFreeNever occurred
Transmissible gastroenteritisFreeNever occurred
Avian diseases
Avian chlamydiosisPresent
Avian infectious bronchitisPresent
Avian infectious laryngotracheitisPresent
Avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Present
Avian mycoplasmosis (M. synoviae)Present
Duck virus hepatitisFreeNever occurred
Fowl choleraPresent 
Fowl typhoidFree1952
Highly pathogenic avian influenzaOutbreak response currently in placeAn outbreak was reported to the OIE on 16 October 2013. Destruction, decontamination and disinfection were completed by 21 November 2013. Surveillance is continuing.
Infectious bursal disease (Gumboro disease)PresentInfectious bursal disease occurs in a mild form; very virulent strains not present.
Low pathogenic notifiable avian influenza (poultry)OccasionalAn outbreak was reported to the OIE on 8 March 2013. The outbreak was resolved on 27 June 2013. 
Newcastle disease in poultryLentogenic viruses presentVirulent Newcastle disease last occurred in poultry 2002. In August 2011, a paramyxovirus not previously reported in Australia was detected in hobby pigeons in Victoria. Disease caused by this avian paramyxovirus has not spread to poultry. Further details of this incident can be found at
Pullorum diseaseNot reportedLast reported in 1992. Salmonella pullorum has been eradicated from commercial chicken flocks.
Turkey rhinotracheitisFreeNever occurred
Lagomorph diseases
MyxomatosisPresentUsed as a biological control agent for wild rabbits.
Rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentUsed as a biological control agent for wild rabbits.
Bee diseases
Acarapisosis of honey beesFreeNever occurred
American foulbrood of honey beesPresent
European foulbrood of honey beesPresent
Small hive beetlePresentRestricted distribution
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesFreeNever occurred
Varroosis of honey beesFreeVarroa destructor has never been reported in Australia.
Other diseases
Camel poxFreeNever occurred
LeishmaniosisAustralian variant presentRare. No Australian Leishmania has been isolated this year from macropods. A case occurred in an imported dog.
Finfish diseases
Epizootic haematopoietic necrosisLocally presentApril 2012
Epizootic ulcerative syndrome (Aphanomyces invadans)Locally presentDecember 2012
Gyrodactylosis (Gyrodactylus salaris)Never reported
Infectious haematopoietic necrosisNever reported
Infectious salmon anaemiaNever reported
Koi herpesvirus diseaseNever reported
Red sea bream iridoviral diseaseNever reported
Spring viraemia of carpNever reported
Viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaNever reported
Mollusc diseases
Infection with abalone herpesvirusLocally presentDecember 2011. New South Wales eradicated abalone herpesvirus (abalone viral ganglioneuritis), which was contained in aquaria, and is now free from this disease 
Infection with Bonamia exitiosaNever reported
Infection with Bonamia ostreaeNever reported
Infection with Marteilia refringensNever reported
Infection with Perkinsus marinusNever reported
Infection with Perkinsus olseniLocally presentDecember 2012
Infection with Xenohaliotis californiensisNever reported
Crustacean diseases
Crayfish plague (Aphanomyces astaci)Never reported
Infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisLocally presentApril 2008
Infectious myonecrosisNever reported
Necrotising hepatopancreatitisNever reported
Taura syndromeNever reported
White spot diseaseNever reported
White tail diseaseLocally presentJanuary 2008 
Yellowhead diseaseNever reported
Amphibian diseases
Infection with Batrachochytrium dendrobatidisLocally presentDecember 2012
Infection with ranavirusLocally present2008
Page last modified by bonaha on May 18, 2016, at 12:43 PM